An energy drink is a drink without alcohol and with some supposed stimulating virtues offered by the consumer (regenerative fatigue and exhaustion, as well as enhance mental ability and detoxify the body.) They are mainly composed by caffeine, various vitamins, carbohydrates and other organic substances, which eliminate the feeling of exhaustion of the person who consumes them. They should not be confused with re-hidratantes drinks or with another type of beverages such as soft drinks, many times people confuse them and consume them as such, inadvertently account containing high doses of caffeine which can produce dependence. Part of the feeling of wellbeing produced by energy drinks is because of the action of psychoactive substances such as caffeine, an alkaloid that acts on the central nervous system and inhibits the neurotransmitters responsible for transmitting feelings of tiredness and sleep. Caffeine, increase the extracellular levels of norepinephrine and dopamine in front pre in the brain cortex, which It explains its favorable effects on concentration. These drinks do not really eliminate muscle fatigue or exhaustion in general, only make temporarily, therefore, once its effect, just it appears a feeling of decay. With continued use, people become accustomed to this kind of products, falling into the abuse of psychoactive substances that may bring negative consequences for health. Some of these drinks have more caffeine than a cup of 80 ml of espresso coffee.
The consumption of energizing drinks among young people has been increasing, they take them to stay awake, pay more, have greater resistance to a sport, lose weight, for fun, without knowing the enormous risks that these beverages have health. We have to warn of the dangers of excessive consumption, among them we can highlight: redness of the face. Vomiting tachycardias.