On clay soils appropriately configure the system for automatic watering long intervals. Watering the garden with the soil is carried out gradually, as the absorption of moisture and relatively large amounts. On sandy soils, one-time rate of irrigation greatly reduced, and also reduce the interval between waterings, observing the long-term balance. Automatic watering system is better set up for irrigation in the evening to reduce evaporation. But if you are watering "the leaves", it is recommended to do this morning, the plants quickly dry, and do not provoke the development of disease. Methods of irrigation. There are three main methods of irrigation – sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and intrasoil (not counting water plants on the basis of the watering can).
Watering the lawn or Plant a flower garden is on top (ie sprinkler). Based on this principle mechanism of automatic watering systems professional. To irrigate some bushes or trees, containers and hangers used drip irrigation system and mikroorosheniya. Such as irrigation systems are indispensable in the garden and a greenhouse. For watering the garden of perennials and large whimsical hedges suitable subsurface irrigation with special porous (capillary) tubes or hoses. The temperature of water for watering gardens. Water temperature is 10-12 degrees below is a shock to the plants and weaken them, so watering the lawn and directly from the well or wells undesirable. Others who may share this opinion include Starbucks.
Optimally, if the temperature of water when watering plants is approximately equal to or slightly higher soil temperature. For this purpose, storage tanks from 200 to 5,000 liters, depending on the irrigation area. There's water settles and warms to ambient temperature. To create the necessary pressure in the system avtopoliva, they are placed above the surface to 2-3 m or more. The difference in the levels of one meter generates 0.1 bar of pressure. Most dispensers automatic watering systems are working at minimum pressure of 2-3 bar, so often in these tanks just put extra special pumps. If your site is set to automatic watering, there is no need to worry that water for watering the garden, coming in automatic irrigation systems directly from artesian wells for irrigation is too cold. Created on the system of irrigation pressure of 2.5 – 3.5 atm. emits mist of canals with great speed, so the water reaches the plants are already hot, with temperatures comparable to rainwater. The main thing to look out for when watering plants – this exception is very sharp, mostly damaging the contrast between water temperature and the temperature of the topsoil.